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упражнения по косвенной речи, исправленные. Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на употребление времен в русском и английском языках


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Упражнение 1.

Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на употребление времен в русском и английском языках.
1. When he learnt that his son always received excellent marks in all the subjects at school, he was very pleased. 2. When he learnt that his son had received an excellent mark at school, he was very pleased. 3. We did not know where our friends went every evening. 4. We did not know where our friends had gone. 5. She said that her best friend was a doctor. 6. She said that her best friend had been a doctor. 7. I didn't know that you worked at the Hermitage. 8. I didn't know that you had worked at the Hermitage. 9. I knew that you were ill. 10. I knew that you

had been ill. 11. We found that she left home at eight o'clock every morning. 12. We found that she had left home at eight o'clock that morning.

Упражнение 2.

Перепишите следующие предложения в прошедшем времени. Обратите внимание на. зависимость времени придаточного дополнительного предложения от времени главного.
1. My uncle says he has just come back from the Caucasus. 2. He says he has spent a fortnight in the Caucasus. 3. He says it did him a lot of good. 4. He says he feels better now. 5. He says his wife and he spent most of their time on the beach. 6. He says they did a lot of sightseeing. 7. He says he has a good camera. 8. He says he took many photographs while travelling in the Caucasus. 9. He says he will come to see us next Sunday. 10. He says he will bring and show us the photographs he took during his stay in the Caucasus.

Упражнение 3.


Перепишите следующие предложения в прошедшем времени. Обратите внимание на зависимость времени придаточного дополнительного предложения от времени главного.
1.Mike says he is sure Ann and Kate will be excellent guides. 2. He says they have made good progress in English. 3. Oleg says that in a day or two several English students will come to pay a visit to their school and he will probably have to act interpreter. 4. Ann says she has just met Boris in the street. 5. She says Boris told her a lot of interesting things about his travels in the south. 6. Nick says he is going to the hotel to see his friends, who have just arrived in St. Petersburg from the United States of America. 7. He says they have not been here for a long time. 8. He says they were friends at school. 9. He says he will take them to the theatre on Sunday. 10. They say they will write me a letter when they return home.

Упражнение 4.

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требующемся времени.
1. I knew they (to wait) for me at the metro station and I decided to hurry. 2. I didn't know that you already (to wind) up the clock. 3. I was afraid that the little girl (not to be) able to unlock the front door and (to go) upstairs to help her. 4. He says that he (to know) the Jaws of the country. 5. Sarie understood why Lanny (not to come) the previous evening. 6. She asked me whether I (to remember) the legend about a faithful Hon. 7. He understood that the soldiers (to arrest) him. 8. He could not understand why people (not to want) to take water from that well. 9. I suppose they (to send) a dog after the burglar immediately. 10. He said he (to leave) tomorrow morning. 11. She says she already (to find) the book. 12. He stopped and listened: the clock (to strike) five. 13. She said she (can) not tell me the right time, her watch (to be) wrong.
14. I asked my neighbour if he ever (to travel) by air before. 15. The policeman asked George where he (to run) so early. 16. The delegates were told that the guide just (to go) out and (to be) back in ten minutes.

Упражнение 5.

Раскройте скобки, выбирая требующееся время глагола.
1. My friend asked me who (is playing, was playing) the piano in the sitting room. 2. He said he (will come, would come) to the station to see me off. 3. I was sure he (posted, had posted) the letter. 4. I think the weather (will be, would be) fine next week. 5. I hope it (will not change, would not change) for the worse. 6. I knew that he (is, was) a very clever man. 7. I want to know what he (has bought, had bought) for her birthday. 8. I asked my sister to tell me what she (has seen, had seen) at the museum. 9. He said he (is staying, was staying) at the "Ritz" Hotel. 10. They realized that they (lost, had lost) their way in the dark. 10. He asked me where I (study, studied). 11. I thought that I (shall finish, should finish) my work at that time. 12. He says he (works, worked) at school two years ago.13. Victor said he (is, was) very busy.
Упражнение 6.

Употребите следующие предложения как придаточные дополнительные, в роли главных, используя предложения, данные в скобках. Сдвигайте времена в соответствии с правилом согласования времен.
1. You will fall and break your leg. (I was afraid). 2. My friend has never been to Washington. (I knew) 3. She never drinks milk. (I was told) 4. He is a very talented singer. (We were told) 5. They live a happy life. (We knew). 6. The children are playing in the yard. (She thought) 7. Her friend will come to see her. (She hoped) 8. Father has repaired his bicycle. (He thought) 9. She knows English very well. (I supposed). 10. Our sportsmen will win the game. (We were sure) 11. He does not know German at all. (I found out) 12. She made no mistakes in her dictation. (She was glad) 13. He works at his English hard. (I knew) 14. She dances better than anybody else. (I was told) 15. My cousin has received a very interesting offer from his firm. (I learnt) 16. She will come to stay with us. (My aunt wrote in her letter) 17. He is painting a new picture. (We heard) 18. His new picture will be a masterpiece. (Weweresure)

Упражнение 7.

Переведите на английский язык, соблюдая правило согласования времен.
1. Я знала, что она работает на заводе, что у нее есть муж и двое детей, что семья у нее очень дружная и она счастлива. 2. Он сказал мне вчера, что раньше он учился в университете. 3. Мы решили на прошлой неделе, что будущим летом мы все поедем в Крым. 4. Сестра сказала, что хочет приехать к нам сама. 5. Я знала, что она очень занята. 6. Никто не знал, что вы ждете здесь. Пойдемте в дом. 7. Гид предупредил нас, что в этой части города движение довольно сильное. 8. Секретарь не заметил, что директор с кем-то разговаривает. 9. Все мы знали, что ее семья опять в Санкт-Петербурге. 10. Лена сказала, что она дарит нам эту картину. 11. Она сказала, что ее коллеги всегда дают ей прекрасные советы. 12. Он сказал, что любит эту пьесу. 13. В прошлом году они думали, что никогда не будут хорошо читать по-английски, но вчера они увидели, что читают тексты довольно хорошо. 14. Он сказал мне вчера, что его отец — профессор и живет в Москве.
Упражнение 8.

Переведите на английский язык, соблюдая правило согласования времен.
1.Ябоялся, что заблужусь в лесу. 2. Она знала, что мы никогда не видели ее картины. 3. Ученый был уверен, что найдет решение проблемы. 4. Я знал, что ты приехал в Санкт-Петербург, и полагал, что ты навестишь меня. 5. Мы не думали, что он так рассердится. 6. Мы вчера узнали, что она больна. 7. Он думал, что она не придет в школу. 8. Я знал, что моя сестра изучает французский язык, и думал, что она поедет в Париж. 9. Мне сказали, что ты мне звонил. 10. Я думал, что ты в Москве. 11. Я не знал, что ты уже вернулся в Санкт-Петербург. 12. Мы надеялись, что поедем в Лондон. 13. Учитель сказал, что наши друзья прислали письмо из Лондона. 14. Она сказала, что ее подруга пригласила ее в театр. 15. Мы боялись, что не купим билет в театр. 16. Мы увидели, что дети играют в песке. 17. Она сказала, что больше не будет купаться, потому что вода холодная. 18. Моя двоюродная сестра сказала, что любит оперу и будет рада пойти с нами в театр, хотя уже дважды слушала "Травиату."


Упражнение 9.

Переведите на английский язык, соблюдая правило согласования времен.
1. Я думал, что он подождет меня. 2. Он боялся, что ему будет трудно сделать доклад. 3. Он сказал нам, что когда он вошел в комнату, его друг уже сидел на диване. Он читал газету. 4. Мы надеялись, что она скоро придет. 5. Он сказал, что не знает, когда начнется конференция. 6. Я был уверен, что если мы поспешим, мы не опоздаем а поезд. 7. Он спросил меня, что я буду делать вечером. Я ответил, что не знаю, буду ли я свободен вечером, но сказал, что если буду свободен, то позвоню ему часов в восемь. 8. Все были уверены, что Борис хорошо сдаст экзамены. 9. Он говорил, что Лев Толстой — его любимый писатель. 10. Я знал, что вы живете в Москве, но не знал вашего адреса. 1. Он сказал, что бросит курить. 12. Все знали, что она поедет в Рим. 13. Простите, мы не думали, что вы ждете нас. 14. Я не знал, что вы тоже любите футбол. 15. Я был уверен, что он будет выдающимся артистом. 16. Я боялся, что вы не последуете моему совету. 17. Я не знал, что ты будешь работать в читальном чале.

Упражнение 10.

Передайте следующие повелительные предложения в косвенной речи.
I. The teacher said to me: "Hand this note to your parents, please." 2. Oleg said to his sister: "Put the letter into an envelope and give it to Kate." 3. "Please help me with this work, Henry." said Robert. 4. "Please bring me some fish soup," he said to the waitress. 5. "Don't worry over such a small thing." she said to me. 6. "Please don't mention it to anybody," Mary said to her friend. 7. "Promise to come and see me," said Jane to Alice. 8. He said to us: "Come here tomorrow." 9. I said to Mike: "Send me a telegram as soon as you arrive," 10. Father said to me: "Don't stay there long." 11. Peter said to them: "Don't leave the room until I come back." 12. "Take my luggage to Room 145." he said to the porter. 13. He said to me: "Ring me up tomorrow." 14. "Bring me a cup of black coffee." she said to the waiter. 15. "Don't be late for dinner," said mother to us. 16. Jane said to us: "Please, tell me all you know about it." 17. She said to Nick: "Please don't say anything about it to your sister."
Упражнение 11.

Передайте следующие повелительные предложения в косвенной речи.
1."Explain to me how to solve this problem," said my friend to me. 2. The doctor said to Nick: "Open your mouth and show me your tongue." 3. "Don't be afraid of my dog," said the man to Kate. 4. "Take this book and read it," said the librarian to the boy. 5. The doctor said to Pete: "Don't go for a walk today." 6. "Don't eat too much ice - cream;" said Nick's mother to him. 7. "Go home," said the teacher to us. 8. "Buy some meat in the shop," said my mother to me. 9. "Sit down at the table and do your homework," said my mother to me. 10. "Don't forget to clean your teeth," said granny to Helen.11. "Don't sit up late," said the doctor to Mary.

Упражнение 12.

Передайте следующие повествовательные предложения в косвенной речи.

1. Не said: "I have just received a letter from my uncle." 2. "I am going to the theatre tonight." he said to me. 3. Mike said: "I spoke to Mr. Brown this morning." 4. He said to her: "I shall do it today if I have time." 5. I said to them: "I can give you my uncle's address," 6. Oleg said: "My room is on the second floor." 7. He said: "I am sure she will ring me up when she is back in St. Petersburg." 8. Misha said: "I saw them at my parents' house last year." 9. He said: "I haven't seen my cousin today." 10. "I don't go to this shop very often," she said. 11. Tom said: "I have already had breakfast, so I am not hungry."

Упражнение 13.

Передайте следующие повествовательные предложения в косвенной речи.
1. "This man spoke to me on the road," said the woman. 2. "I can't explain this rule to you," said my classmate to me. 3. The teacher said to the class: "We shall discuss this subject tomorrow." 4. The woman said to her son: "I am glad I am here." 5. Mike said: "We have bought these books today." 6. She said to me: "Now I can read your translation." 7. Our teacher said: "Thackeray's novels are very interesting." 8. She said: "You will read this book in the 9th form." 9. Nellie said: "I read "Jane Eyre" last year." 10. "My friend lives in Moscow," said Aleс. 11. "You have not done your work well," said the teacher to me.
12. The poor man said to the rich man: "My horse is wild. It can kill your horse." 13. The rich man said to the judge: "This man's horse has killed my horse."

Упражнение 14.

Передайте следующие повествовательные предложения в косвенной речи.
1. The mother said: "The children are in the nursery, doctor." 2. "I have no time for lunch today," said the boy to his mother. 3. "You speak English very well," said the woman to me. 4. My brother said to me: "I am going to become a doctor." 5. My uncle said to us: "I buy several newspapers every day." 6. The teacher said to the pupils: "Next year we shall have six hours of English a week." 7. He said to me: "I want to see you today." 8. She said: "I am free tonight". 9. Mother said to me: "I feel bad today." 10. The pupil said to the teacher: "I can do my homework after dinner." 11. The teacher said to Jack: "You work hard, I know. You are a good boy." 12. The old man said to the girl: "You can sing perfectly. I think you will be a famous singer." 13. My sister said to me: "You look very well, much better than you looked yesterday. I think you have recovered after your illness." 14. "You are an excellent cook. Everything is so tasty." said my guest to me. 15. The student said: "I can't answer this question. I don't understand it."

Упражнение 15.

Передайте следующие повествовательные предложения в косвенной речи.
1. Не said to me: "They are staying at the "Europe" hotel. 2. He said: "They are leaving next Monday." 3. The clerk said to them: "You can leave the key with the maid upstairs." 4. Masha said: "I usually spend my holidays in the south." 5. She said: "I spent my holidays in the Crimea last year." 6. Boris said; "I go to the south every year." 7. He said: "I am going to a health resort tomorrow." 8. Ann said to us: "They haven't yet come." 9. She said to us: "They arrived in St. Petersburg yesterday." 10. I said: "I was in London last year. My friends in London sometimes

invite me to spend my holidays with them." 11. Nick said: "I have never been to London. I think I shall go there next year." 12. He said: "I shall not stay with my friends too long."

Упражнение 16.

Передайте следующие повествовательные предложения в косвенной речи. Употребляйте любое существительное или местоимение в роли подлежащего главного предложения.
1. I shall come as soon as I am ready. 2. You will know that I have gone to the concert if I am not at home by eight. 3. I shall come to the Philharmonic with you if you get tickets. 4. Five years ago there were no people living here at all. 5. I shall go skiing on Sunday if I have time. 6. They finished building this house only last week. 7. It will be so pleasant when Tom comes home. 8. I shall do it now if you like. 9. My brother was here today. 10. It's a pity you didn't come earlier. 11. There will be an interesting lecture at the school assembly hall tomorrow. One of our teachers will speak about Charles Dickens. 12. Last year I spent my summer vacation in the Caucasus. 13. I came to live in this town several years ago. 14. I'll be reading you a story until it is time to go to bed. 15. I have read all about it in today's newspaper.

Упражнение 17.

Передайте следующие повествовательные предложения в косвенной речи.
1. "When your turn comes, listen very carefully to what the doctor tells you," I said to my grandmother. 2. "If you are in a hurry, we shall make only the first experiment," said the laboratory assistant to me. 3. "I shan't start anything new until I have finished this novel," said the writer to the correspondent. 4. "When I get a job, I'll buy you a warm coat," said the boy's father. 5. "If you spill the milk, there won't be any for the cat," said my mother to me. 6. "When you come to see me on Sunday, I shall show you my new dress," she said to me. 7. "If Mary arrives before seven, bring her to our house for the evening," said Jane to Henry. 8. "Don't wait until I come. As soon as you finish the exercises, begin playing volleyball," said the PT teacher to the pupils. 9. "As soon as Robert appears, ask him where he put the dictionary." said Mary to her mother.

Упражнение 18.

Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предложениях.
1. Tom said he would go to see the doctor the next day. 2. He told me he was ill. 3. He told me he had fallen ill. 4. They told me that Tom had not come to school the day before. 5. I told my sister that she might catch cold. 6. She told me she had caught cold. 7. He said that while crossing the English Channel they had stayed on deck all the time. 8. The woman said she had felt sick while crossing the Channel. 9. She said she was feeling bad that day. 10. The old man told the doctor that he had pain in his right side. 11. He said he had just been examined by a good doctor. 12. He said he would not come to school until Monday. 13. The man said he had spent a month at a health resort. 14. He said that his health had greatly improved since then.

Упражнение 19.

Передайте следующие специальные вопросы в косвенной речи.
1. Mother said to me: "Who has brought this parcel?" 2. He said to her: "Where do you usually spend your summer holidays?" 3. Ann said to Mike: "When did you leave London?" 4. She said to Boris: "When will you be back home?" 5. Boris said to them: "How can I get to the railway station?" 6. Mary asked Tom: "What time will you come here tomorrow?" 7. She asked me: "Why didn't you come here yesterday?" 8. She asked me: "What will you do tomorrow if you are not busy at your office?" 9. I said to Nick: "Where are you going?" 10. I said to him: "How long are you going to stay there?" 11. I said to him: "How long will it take you to get there?" 12. Pete said to his friends: "When are you leaving St. Petersburg?" 13. He said to them: "Who will you see before you leave here?" 14. They said to him: "What time does the train start?" 15. I asked Mike: "What will you do after dinner?" 16. I asked my uncle: "How long did you stay in the Crimea?" 17. Ada said to me: "Where did you see such trees?" 18. I said to Becky: "What kind of book has your friend brought you?"

Упражнение 20.

Передайте следующие специальные вопросы в косвенной речи, начиная каждое предложение со слов, данных в скобках.
1. Where did I put the book? (I forgot...) 2. Who has given you this nice kitten? (She wanted to know...) 3. Where can I buy an English-Russian dictionary? (He asked me...) 4. How long will it take your brother to get to Madrid? (He wondered...) 5. Where is he going? (He didn't tell anybody...) 6. Where has he gone? (Did you know...) 7. Where is he? (Did you know...) 8. When is he leaving school? (I wanted to know...) 9. Where does he live? (Nobody knew...) 10. Will he come back? (She asked them...) 11. Where did she buy this hat? (He wanted to know...) 12. How much did she pay for it? (I had no idea...)

Упражнение 21.

Передайте следующие общие вопросы в косвенной речи.
1. I said to Mike: "Have you packed your suitcase?" 2. I said to Kate: 'Did anybody meet you at the station?" 3. I said to her: "Can you give me their address?" 4. I asked Tom: "Have you had breakfast?" 5. I asked my sister: "Will you stay at home or go for a walk after dinner?" 6. I said to my mother: "Did anybody come to see me?" 7. I asked my sister: "Will Nick call for you on the way to school?" 8. She said to the young man: "Can you call a taxi for me?" 9. Mary said to Peter: "Have you shown your photo to Dick?" 10. Oleg said to me: "Will you come here tomorrow?" 11. He said to us: "Did you go to the museum this morning?" 12. I said to Boris: "Does your friend live in London?" 13. I said to the man: "Are you living in a hotel?" 14. Nick said to his friend: "Will you stay at the "Hilton"?" 15. He said to me: "Do you often go to see your friends?" 16. He said to me "Will you see your friends before you leave St. Petersburg?" 17. Mike said to Jane: "Will you come to the railway station to see me off?" 18. She said to me: "Have you sent them a telegram?" 19. She said to me: "Did you send them a telegram yesterday?"

Упражнение 22.

Передайте следующие общие вопросы в косвенной речи, начиная каждое предложение со слов, данных в скобках.


  1. Have they sold the picture? (I did not know...) 2. Do they know anything about it? (I wondered...) 3. Has Jack given you his telephone number? (She asked me...) 4. Is he coming back today? (I was not sure...) 5. Have you found the book? (She asked me...) 6. Are there any more books here? (The man asked...) 7. Did she go shopping yesterday (I wanted to know...) 8. Has she bought the dictionary? (He did not ask her...) 9. Does she know the name of the man? (I doubted…
    10. Did Boris see the man this morning? (I asked…)

Упражнение 23.

Передайте следующие вопросительные предложения в косвенной речи.
1. Kate said: "Mike, do you like my dress?" 2. Grandfather said to Mary: "What mark did you get at school?" 3. My sister said to me: "Will you take me to the theatre with you tomorrow?" 4. Mother asked me: "Did you play with your friends yesterday?" 5. "Why don't you play with your friends, Kate?" said her mother. 6. "Do you like chocolates?" said my little sister to me. 7. "Did you see your granny yesterday, Lena?" asked Mr. Brown. 8. The doctor asked Nick: "Do you wash your face and hands every morning?" 9. The teacher said to Mike: "Does your father work at a factory?" 10. Mother said to us: "What are you doing here?" 11. Father said to Tom: "Have you done your homework?" 12. Tom Said: "Ann, where are your friends?"

Упражнение 24.

Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предложениях.
1. I asked him if the doctor had given him some medicine. I asked him if he was feeling better now. 2. I asked the man how long he had been in St. Petersburg. 3. I asked him if he was going to a health resort. 4. We asked the girl if her father was still in Moscow. 5. I asked the girl what sort of work her father did. 6. I asked if they had taken the sick man to hospital. 7. I asked my friend if he had a headache. 8. I wanted to know when he had fallen ill. 9. I wondered if he had taken his temperature.

Упражнение 25.

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.
1. "Do you like my pies, Ann?" asked her grandmother. 2. "Sit down at the table and do your homework," said Tom's mother to him. 3. "What did you do at school yesterday, John?" said his father. 4. "Will you play the piano today, Helen?" asked her aunt. 5. My uncle said: "We shall visit you next week." 6. "Don't cross the street under the red light," said the man to Nick. 7. "I took a very good book from our library yesterday," said Mike to his father. 8. "Come to my house tomorrow, Jane," said Lena. 9. "Where are your books, Betsy?" said her mother.

Упражнение 26.

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.
1. She said: "I am busy today and I shall be busier tomorrow." 2. Jane said: "I shall come to school early tomorrow." 3. They said: "We shall not go to school on Sunday." 4. Mr. Dickson said: "I shall have to pay a lot of money for the car." 5. Peter said to me: "I’ll be waiting for you at the station." 6. Mary said: "I'll be back soon." 7. She said to me: "What are you going to do when you come home?" 8. She said: "I hope I’ll soon speak English well." 9. He said: "I am sure it will rain tomorrow." 10. They said: "We shall go to the river tomorrow if it is hot." 11. He said: “I am sure she will come in time." 12. She said: "I shall be able to read English newspapers without a dictionary next year."

Упражнение 27.

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.
1. "Lock the door when you leave the house," said my elder sister to me. 2. "Have you received a telegram from your wife?" she asked Robert. 3. Mabel said: "Nothing will change my decision and I shall leave for Cape Town tonight." 4. "Please don't smoke in the room," said the old woman to her nephew. 5. "I am shivering with cold," said the girl. 6. "I want to sit in the armchair," said the boy. 7. The secretary said to me: "The delegation arrived in St. Petersburg yesterday." 8. "Open the window, please," she said to me. 9. He said: "I shall light a fire and make myself breakfast." 10. "Don't run to the door when you hear the bell," said the woman to her little daughter. 11. She asked me: "How long are you going to stay here?" 12. Mary asked me: "Will you spend your vacation in Moscow?"

Упражнение 28.

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.
1. "What have you prepared for today, children?" said the teacher. 2. The teacher said to the pupils: "Don't open your books." 3. Mother said to me: "You will go to the cinema tomorrow." 4. Father said to Jane: "Show me your exercise book." 5. "What are you doing here, boys?" said Kate. 6. "Don't make noise." said Tom's mother to him. 7. Helen said to Pete: "Did you play chess with your father yesterday?" 8. Kate said to her grandmother: "Help me to cook the soup, please." 9. Mike said to the teacher: "My sister knows two foreign languages." 10. Tom said to his sister: "I saw your friend at the library yesterday."

Упражнение 29.

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.
1. "When did you receive this letter?" my friend said to me. 2."Will you play football with us?" said the boys to Peter. 3. "Tom, go to bed," said his mother.
4." I have never seen your toys," said Nellie to Pete. 5. "Give me your record book, Nick," said the teacher. 6. Ann said to Lena: "Look at my nice kitten." 7. "We shall go to the zoo tomorrow," said our grandmother. 8. Mother said to Pete: "Don't forget to wash your hands." 9. Nick said to his mother: "I am doing my homework"10. "I have learnt a long poem," said Mike to the teacher. 11."Don't play in the street,’ said the man to the boys. 12. Why don't you drink your tea?" said my mother to me. 13. "I saw my friend at the stadium yesterday," said Johnny to his mother.

Упражнение 30.

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.
1. "Are you fond of goingto the theatre?" asked my friend. "Have you seen any plays by Shakespeare?" 2. Nellie asked me: "Did you see "Hamlet" last night?" 3. I asked Nellie: "Shall we go tothe theatre together?" 4. "Does Mike like Shakespeare?" asked Nellie. "Will he goto the theatre with us?" 5. "I shall buy some new stamps for you if you give me this one.' said Mike to Kate. 6. "Will you bring your sister to the party with you, Boris?" asked Mary. 7. "Please don't touch me," he said to me. 8. My father said: "I think I shall not goto the beach with you today because I am very busy." 9. "I am very thirsty. Please give me some lemonade, Ann," said Tom. 10. "Don't lie to me, Tom," said Aunt Polly. "I am tired of your lies."
Упражнение 31.

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.
1. The teacher said to us: "You will have to work hard tomorrow." 2. My girlfriend said to me: "I shall not be able to go for a walk with you today, because I am very busy." 3. She said to me: "How long are you going to slay in the country?" 4. He said to me: "I like to go to the canteen during the break." 5. He asked me: "When will you go to the canteen?" 6. John said: "I met them at the airport yesterday." 7. Jane said: "I shall come to the party if I am free tomorrow." 8. She said: "I shall go to the cinema in the evening if I am not very tired." 9. My mother said to me: "It will be difficult for you to get up tomorrow if you don't go to bed at once," 10. Nina said: "I like music and I listen to it every evening before going to bed." 11. My aunt said: "I shall not be thirsty if I eat some grapes." 12. Mother said to us: "Don't go out before I return." 13. My sister said: "I shall be neither hungry nor thirsty if I have a cup of tea with a sandwich." 14. Mary said: "Don't switch on TV, Fred, I am working."

Упражнение 32.

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.
1. "Why are you shouting, man?" said Prince John to Locksley. "What is your name?" 2. "Who has read "Ivanhoe"?" asked the teacher. "Whom was it written by?" 3. One of the pupils asked the teacher of literature: "What novels shall we read next year?" 4. "Is the river Volga in Russia?" asked the Frenchman. 5. "Are you playing volleyball, girls?" said Ann. "I did not know that you liked it." 6. "Don't touch these photographs," said Peter to us. "They are still wet, and you may spoil them." 7. "Does your friend often come here, boys?" said Fred. "I want to speak to him." 8. "How did you manage to solve this difficult problem in such a short time?" said my friend to me. 9. The teacher said to us: "You will write a test paper tomorrow." 10. "I saw a new film yesterday," said Kate to Nick. "Did you like it?" asked Nick.

Упражнение 33.

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.
1."Do you know where the Browns live?" we asked a passerby. 2. "There are a lot of trains to my station on Sunday." said Andrew to us. "You will have no problems getting to my country place." 3. "Do you often meet my sister at the library?" he asked me. 4. "Will the teacher return our exercise books today?" asked Nick. 5. "My nephew is a very capable young man," said the woman. "He has just graduated from college, but he is already a very skilful specialist." 6. "Sit still and don't move your head." said the doctor to me. 7. "I want to know how your cousin likes working at this hospital," said Vera to Helen. 8. "Don't forget to bring your exercise books tomorrow," said the teacher to us. "You are going to write a very-important paper." 9. "How can I get to the circus?" asked the girl. "Take tram number five," said the man. 10. "I am very sorry, Kate." said Mike, "I have forgotten to bring your dictionary." 11. "When does your mother go shopping?" asked the neighbour.

Упражнение 34.

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.
1. Не said to me: "Come at nine o'clock, I shall be free at that time and we shall have a cup of nice coffee." 2. Nina asked her friend: "What did the professor speak about in his lecture?" 3. Ann said: "He is one of the best speakers I have ever heard." 4. He said: "I haven't yet seen the film you are talking about." 5. He said: "I seldom went to see my friend in May as I was very busy." 6. She asked her brother: “Will you manage to get tickets to the Philharmonic on Sunday?" 7. My friend said: "We arrived in Kiev on Saturday and the next day we went to have a look around the city." 8. She said to me: "Did you live in St. Petersburg ten years ago?" 9. She said to me: "Are you going to leave St. Petersburg for the summer?" 10. My friend said to me: "The discussion will still be going on when you return." 11. He said: "I am proud of my brother who took the first prize at the competition." 12. She asked me: "How long have you been living in St. Petersburg?" 13. She said: "He has just left." 14. He asked me: "When will your parents arrive in St. Petersburg?" 15. She said to me: "Were you present at the meeting yesterday?"

Упражнение 35.

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.
1. "I shall gladly go to the cinema with you because I haven't seen this film and I want to see it very much," said my aunt. 2. "Which of you can answer my question?" the teacher asked the pupils. 3. "Do you think that simple food is better for children than rich food?" she asked the doctor." 4. "Why did our team lose the game?" said Vera. "It has always been very strong." 5. "Where have you put my book, Mary?" said Tom. "I cannot find it." 6. "I am very happy." said Fred. "I have bought a very good bicycle." 7. "Whom are you waiting for, boys?" asked the man. 8. "I shall not go to the party tomorrow because I don't feel well," said Mary. 9. "We saw a lot of places of interest when we were travelling around Europe last summer." said Walter. 10. "I suppose we shall go to the theatre tomorrow,” said Jane. 11. “Please don’t take the books from my table," said Lena to me. "I have specially prepared them for working at my report." 12. "Don't be afraid. Nick," said his grandfather. "This dog is very clever and it won't do you any harm."

Упражнение 36.

Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предложениях.
1. When I came home, my mother told me that a friend of mine had called on me half an hour before. 2. He said that he studied at Moscow University. 3. She said that her brother was playing chess with her grandfather. 4. George said it was very difficult to play that role. 5. He asked why there were so few people in the street. 6. The man asked the boy if he knew where he lived. 7. The woman told him not to worry and go home quietly. 8. She said that she would sleep in the open air.

Упражнение 38.

Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предложениях.
1. When I came home, my mother told me that a friend of mine had called on me half an hour before. 2. He said that he studied at Moscow University. 3. She said that her brother was playing chess with her grandfather. 4. George said it was very difficult to play that role. 5. He asked why there were so few people in the street. 6. The man asked the boy if he knew where he lived. 7. The woman told him not to worry and go home quietly. 8. She said that she would sleep in the open air. 9. She wondered if I was going to leave St. Petersburg the next day. 10. He told me that he had bought that watch the day before. 11. Ann said that she had just had a telephone call from home. 12. My neighbour asked me to leave the key at my sister's. 13. He said he could not understand the rule. 14. He told me he had bought a ticket the day before.

Упражнение 39.

Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предложениях.
1. Annie said that she had seen the film several months before. 2. Lydia said she had not seen it yet. 3. Boris told me that he wanted to make a radio set. 4. He told me that he had made a radio set. 5. Jack said that he often went to see Bob. 6. She said she had seen Mary that day. 7. Mike said he liked Dickens' novels very much. 8. He told me he had read "Dombey and Son" the year before. 9. The teacher said that the pupils would read the text the next day. 10. She asked me to buy some bread on my way home. 11. Mother told me not to be late for dinner. 12. I asked Mike if he had "Gulliver's Travels." 13. Mike asked me if Т had read "Robinson Crusoe" by Daniel Defoe. 14. I asked John if he would be at home at three o'clock.

15. The teacher asked who was ill. 16. Nick asked Pete what he had seen at the museum.

Упражнение 40.

Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предложениях.
1. The man told us to have our passports ready. 2. He told us to pass up the gangway. 3. He said we would find our luggage on deck. 4. I asked my friend if he would go down to his cabin or stay up on deck. 5. He said he was a bad sailor and could not stay on deck. 6. We told the porter to take our luggage to cabin number eight. 7. I asked my friend if he often went to England. 8. John said he did not cross the English Channel very often for it was rough as a rule. 9. My friend asked me if I knew when the boat was duel at Southampton. 10. I asked my friend if he thought it would take us long to get through the customs.

Упражнение 41.

Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предложениях.
1. Mary wondered if Jane would be busy the next day. 2. Tom asked if Jane would come to the Philharmonic with him. Jane asked at what time he was planning to go. Tom said that it would take them long to getthere. Jane asked where they would meet. 3. John asked Mary if she was afraid of thunderstorm. 4. He asked her if she had ever walked in rainy weather. 5. Mary told John that she preferred sunny days. 6. The woman asked her son if he was in a hurry. 7. Ann asked if they would go to the country the next day. 8. Kate asked her friend what she liked to do on her days off. 9. I asked the secretary if I might speak to the headmistress. 10. Nick wanted to know if Helen would give him her book.

Упражнение 42.

Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предложениях.
1. I asked my aunt if she was going to her home town for the holidays. 2. He told me that he hadn't been able to ring me up in time. 3. He asked his classmates to wait for him. 4. He asked her if anyone else knew about his arrival. 5. I asked him when he would take his last examination. 6. He asked me if I had taken part in the football match. 7. She asked me where I lived. 8. He said that he had joined a sports society. 9. He told me that he had seen my brother the day before. 10. She asked me to hurry up as there was little time left before the beginning of the meeting. 11. She asked her friend if the rain had stopped. 12. He answered that it was still raining. 13. My sister told me that she had found the book I was looking for. 14. He said that he didn't like the main character of the book but he could not explain why. 15. He asked his brother what he would do if he did not find the book he needed.

Упражнение 43.

Ответьте на следующие вопросы, употребляя косвенную речь.

E.G. I like novels written by Dickens," said Nina to her friend Vera. "I have read many of them." What did Nina say to Vera? Nina told Vera that she liked novels written by Dickens and that she had read many of them.
1. "My favourite books are 'Gulliver's Travels' and 'Robinson Crusoe'," answered Vera. "And now I am reading a novel by Walter Scott." What did Vera answer Nina? 2."Last year we learnt some poems by Byron and Shelley, they are so beautiful," said Nina. What did Nina say? 3. "I know many poems by these great poets. I have read some books about Byron and Shelley, too," said Vera. What did Vera tell Nina? 4. "This year we shall read a play by Shakespeare in English." said Nina. What did Nina say?


Упражнение 44.

Переведите па английский язык. Сравните конструкцию повествовательных и повелительных предложений в прямой и косвенной речи.

1. Мой друг сказал: "Все 1. Мой друг сказал, что все

ученики нашего класса ученики их класса любят уроки любят истории." уроки истории.

2. Ясказал ему: "Мы 2. Я сказал ему, что мы

любим уроки англий- любим уроки английского

ского языка." языка.
3.Учительница сказала: "Скоро вы 3. Учительница сказала, что скоро мы будем хорошо

будете хорошо говорить по-английски, говорить, так как мы много

так как вы много работаете." работаем.

4. Мама сказала: "Не 4. Мама попросила нас не шуметь, шумите! Дедушка спит." так как дедушка спит.

5. Катя сказала: "Папа в комнате." 5. Катя сказала, что папа в комнате и что он читает.

6. Учитель сказал: "Я уже проверил 6. Учитель сказал, что он уже проверил нашу контрольную работу.

вашу контрольную работу."
7.Аня сказала по-английски: "Мы 7. Аня сказала, что они нашли в лесу много грибов

нашли в лесу много грибов."
Упражнение 44.

Переведите на английский язык. Сравните конструкцию вопросительных предложений в прямой и косвенной речи.

1 .Вчера наш учитель спросил нас: " Много ли вы читаете? "

1. Вчера наш учитель спросил нас много ли мы читаем.

2.Когда он увидел у меня в руках "Дэвида Копперфильда", он спросил: "Где вы взяли ли эту книгу?"

2. Когда он увидел у меня в руках "Дэвида Копперфильда" он спросил, где я взял эту книгу.

3.Потом он спросил: "Знаете ли вы что-нибудь об авторе этой книги?"

3. Потом он спросил знаю ли я что-нибудь об авторе этой книги.

4. Миша спросил меня: "Когда ты пойдешь покупать книги? "

4. Миша спросил меня когда я пойду покупать книги.



Упражнение 46.

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.
1. "Did you run a race yesterday?" said Peter. "Yes, we did," said Ann. "Tamara was the first to come to the finish." 2. "Where is my bag, mother?" asked Tom. "I have put it on the chair near the door," said his mother. "Don't forget to put your record book into it." 3. "Why can't we play here, mother?" asked the children, "Father is sleeping," said their mother. "He has worked very much today. Keep quiet." 4. "Why do you help her?" said Alec to us. "She is lazy. She can do everything herself." 5. "I don't want to go to the zoo. I was there last week with my cousin and saw all the animals," said Lena. 6. "Look at my stamps, father," said Nick. "When will you buy some new ones for me?" 7. "I can't do this exercise: it is too difficult," said Tanya. "Why didn't you ask your teacher to explain it?" said her brother. 8. "Can you see the lights over there in the distance?" said the lighthouse keeper. "Yes, I can," said his assistant. "A ship is giving signals."
Обратите внимание на передачу следующих конструкций в косвенной речи
"Let's play chess," said Nick. — Nick suggested playing chess

"All right," said Pete — Pete agreed. "Oh no," said Mike. — Mike refused.

Упражнение 47.

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.
1. "I shall go to see my friend tomorrow," said Kate. "Will you come with me?" "Yes, I shall," said Pete. "I want to see your friend." 2. "Does your friend always come to school so early?" said Victor. "No," said Mary. "She came so early this morning because she is on duty today." 3. "Let's play badminton," said Nina. "All right," said Mike. "I like to play badminton very much." 4. "Let's run a race." said Bill. "No," said Jack. "I hurt my foot three days ago and now I cannot run." 5. "Will you show me your new flat?" said Tom. "Of course," said Becky. "Come to our place tomorrow." 6. "There is a new film on at our cinema," said Lena. "Let's go and see it." "No, I can't," said Mike. "I shall be busy." 7. "What shall we do with Nick?" said Ann. "He has got a bad mark again." "Let's help him with his Russian," said Pete. "I am sure we can do it."

Упражнение 48.

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.
1. Не said: "Who is this man? I don't know him." 2. I thought: "He is a very clever man: he can help me." 3. My brother said: "In two hours I shall have finished my work and then I shall go to the cinema." Then he said to me: "Let's go together." "All right," I said. 4. The teacher said: "Open your books and begin reading the new text." 5. The girl asked: "What is the price of this dress?" 6. "Please help me with this problem, I cannot solve it." I said to my father. "All right," said my father, "Let's try to solve it together." 7. He said: "We have forgotten to take the ball!" 8. She said: "I shall be very glad to see you." 9. "Let's go to the Philharmonic. There is a good concert there tonight." said Walter. "Oh, very good," said Robert. "I haven't been to the Philharmonic for a long time." 10. Alec asked me: "Have you ever been to the National Gallery?" "Yes, I have," said I. "I visited it last year when we were staying in London." 11. "Let's go to Finland for the winter holidays," said Kate. "No." said Andrew, "we have already been to Finland. Let's go to Greece. It will be very interesting to see the country we have read about so much." "All right," said Kate, "Let's go." 12. Nellie said "Yesterday I went to see Paul, but he was not at home." "Let's go to see him today." said Nick. "I think he will be at home." "No," said Nellie, "I can't go today, I am very busy."
Упражнение 49.

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.
I. "I haven't seen him since last year," said Lena, "and I think he has grown. Let's go and see him tomorrow." "All right," said I. "It will be interesting to see him and talk to him." 2. "Do you think it is really correct?" I asked my friend. "I am afraid you have made a mistake in one or two words." 3. "That's enough," said Tom's mother," he will never go there again. I shall see to it." 4. "Who will read the next story?" asked grandmother, "It is very interesting, and I am sure you all will like it." 5. "Will you come and see me on Friday?" Lena asked her friend, "All right," said her friend. "I think I shall be free on Friday." 6. "Will you need the book for a long time?" he asked me. "I can give it to you only for a few days." 7. "Soon I shall know the whole poem perfectly," said Mary. "I have already learnt more than half of it." 8. "Will you be able to find their house without me?" said John to me. "You have never been to those parts." 9. "Please don't ask me any more questions," she said to me. "I am very tired. I shall answer all your questions tomorrow." 10. "I shall finish reading the book by Monday, and then you can have it," he said to me.

Упражнение 50.

Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предложениях.
1.Не told me not to call on him the next day as he would not be at home. 2. The officer ordered the soldiers to wait for him. 3. He said that he had lived in St. Petersburg for many years and knew the city very well. 4. I told my brother that I was sorry he hadn't kept his promise. 5. John told his friend that he had just come from the United States and intended to stay in St. Petersburg for about a month. 6. Our monitor said that he was not satisfied with his report and was going to work at it for some more time. He said that he was to make it on the twelfth of February and so he had a few days left. 7. He said that he was quite all right. The climate hadn't done him any harm. 8. A man came up and asked me where he could buy a video cassette. 9. I asked my brother who had rung him up in the morning.

Упражнение 51.

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.
1.Last night I was called to the telephone. An unfamiliar voice said: "Is that Dmitri speaking? My name is Pavlov. I have come from Moscow today. I have brought some books for you from your friends. I am staying at the "Europe" Hotel. When and where can I see you?" "Let's meet at the monument to Pushkin in the Square of Arts at five o'clock if it is convenient for you," I said. "All right," he answered, "I shall be there." 2. The shop assistant said: "The shoe department is downstairs." 3. The professor said to his assistant: "You have made great progress." 4. The teacher said to us: "You must read this text at home." 5. Paul said: "We shall have to discuss this text tomorrow." 6. She asked me: "Do you know who has taken my book?" 7. We asked him: "What has happened to you? You look so pale!" 8. She said to me: "I hope you haven't forgotten to post the letter." 9. She asked me: "Where have you put my gloves? I cannot find them." 10. They said to me: "Try this coat on before buying it. Maybe you won't like it when you have put it on."
Упражнение 52.

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.
1. "Have you done your homework or did you leave it till the evening, Bob?" asked Mike. "I thought of inviting you to go to the theatre with me, but I remembered that you nearly always do your homework in the evening." 2. "I am fond of Dickens," said Jack. "I have been reading "The Old Curiosity Shop" the whole week. I like the novel very much. I am reading it for the second time." 3. "I think my friend has finished reading "Jane Eyre", said Tanya. "I hope she will give it to me soon: I am eager to read it." 4. "Have you got a Russian-English dictionary?" he asked me. "Can you let me have it for this evening? I must do some very difficult translation." "All right." said I. "I don’t need it tonight." 5. "I thought about you last night, Lydia," said Nellie. "Have you decided to go to Omsk with your parents or will you remain here with your aunt until you finish school?"

Упражнение 53.

Передайте следующий диалог в косвенной речи.
Mother: Nick! Do you hear the alarm clock? Wake

up!

Nick: Oh, I am so sleepyl

Mother: Well, that's what you always say. Now, get

out of bed quickly.

Nick: Oh!

Mother: Be quick, or you will be late for school. Nick: No fear. I have a lot of time.

Mother: You forget that you have to brush your teeth and to wash your hands and face.

Nick: Mummy, I remember everything.

Упражнение 54.

Передайте следующий диалог в косвенной речи.
Jane: May I come in?

Kate:Is that you, Jane? Come in! It is very good

of you to come and see me.

Jane: I came before, but you were too ill to see anybody. Did you get the flowers?

Kate:Surely, I did. It was very nice of you to send them to me.

Jane:How are you now?

Kate:Oh, I am much better, thank you. The doctor says that 1 shall be allowed to go out in a few days.

Jane: Do you miss school?

Kate: Very much. I am afraid I'll be lagging behind the group in my lessons now.

Jane: Don't think about it. We shall help you.

Kale: Thank you very much

Упражнение 55.

Передайте следующий диалог в косвенной речи.

Peter: Are you coming my way?

John: Yes, I am. How are you getting along?

Peter: Jolly well. How did you find the last test in geometry?

John: Ratherdifficult. I am not very good at solving problems.

Peter: Why didn't you ask me to help you? I'll gladly do it.

John: Oh, thanks a lot. I shall. Have you got a lot of homework for tomorrow'?

Peter: Yes. You know the timetable, Friday is always a bad day. We have six lessons tomorrow, and all the subjects are difficult. Besides, there will be questions from my little sister. She is not very good at sums

John: Allright, then. I'll come to your place tomorrow evening, if you don't mind.

Peter: Let's make it tomorrow. I'll be waiting for you

Упражнение 56.

Передайте следующий диалог в косвенной речи.
Susan: Good morning, doctor.

Doctor: Good morning, Susan, What's the matter with you?

Susan: I feel bad. I have a headache, and I’m am

afraid I am running a temperature.

Doctor: Open your mouth and show me your throat. You have a bad cold, Susan. You must stay in bed for two days until your temperature is normal and you stop coughing.

Susan: How I hate being ill and staying in bed!

Doctor: But if you are not careful, you may fall ill with the flu or pneumonia.

I’ll prescribe some medicine.

Thank you, doctor. Goodbye.


Упражнение 57.

Передайте следующий диалог в косвенной речи.
Michael: I say, Bill, can you show me around a bit? I only came here two days ago and I haven't been anywhere as yet.

Bill: Of course, I shall do it with pleasure. Let's go at once. And let's invite Alice to come with us. She knows a lot about the places of interest here.

Michael: That's a good idea.

Bill: Alice, can you come with us? We are going for a walk, and I want to show Michael some places of interest

Alice: No, I can't go with you, boys. I am sorry. Mother told me to buy some bread, and I forgot about it. I shall have to do it now Go without me. I shall go with you some other time.

Bill: It's a pity. All right, Michael, let's go.
Упражнение 57.

Передайте следующий диалог в косвенной речи.
Waiter: What will you order?

Man: Give me the menu, please.

Waiter: Here you are.

Man: Chicken soup for the first course...

Waiter: For the second course I recommend you to take fried fish. It is very good.

Man: All right, bring me fried fish.

Waiter: Any vegetables?

Man: Yes, bring me some potatoes, and then cheese, coffee and fruit.

Waiter: Yes, sir.

King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table
Many people have read the legends of King Arthur and his knights. As the legends say, Arthur fought against the Anglo-Saxon invaders. The famous Round Table was used by King Arthur and his knights to show that all were equal.

Here are some of the legends of King Arthur and his knights.
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